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What is the Hyperpigmentation?

Sometimes, hyperpigmentation is referred to as ‘melasma’ and is a common skin condition presenting in adults and can affect any skin type (colour). It may appear as varying shades of flat brown patches of pigmentation, which is usually seen on facial skin. It often affects women and can be associated with an underlying hormonal influence and can present in pregnancy, although men may be affected. It is not associated with skin cancer or any contagious skin condition and can affect the cheeks, forehead, upper lip (particularly in women) and chin often symmetrically.  

What is the cause?

Several factors are known to influence the progression of melasma, although, an exact or single cause has not been identified. Unprotected sun exposure, including the use of sunbeds, pregnancy and hormonal medication can worsen the appearance of melasma.

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